Using cardiac ultrasound - or trans thoracic echocardiography - we can take movie images of the heart and check heart valve function and measure chamber size and function. This test is similar to a pregnancy ultrasound - the probe is placed on the chest wall rather than the abdomen, This still image shows a heart that has been damaged.
More detail images of the heart can be achieved using a trans-oesophageal echo probe. This entails swallowing a fine probe (usually after receiving intra-venous sedation) which then sits in the oesophagus while images are recorded. In this case an unusual abnormality of the aortic valve is seen.
Patient information leaflets can be requested from Dr Lewis' secretary